Baby vaccination has many advantages including major lessening of childhood illnesses like Tetanus, Diphtheria, Polio, Whooping Cough, Hepatitis B and Haemophilus Influenzae type-b. It is highly recommended that parents should have good awareness of the importance, benefits and risks of vaccination.
The main thing parents must be aware about vaccination is that compared to the positive benefits of doing vaccinations such as being protected from various dreadful diseases, the risk of having a reaction to a vaccine is very less. Also remember that children can even die of chicken pox, measles, whooping cough and other diseases which are completely preventable if vaccination is done at the proper time.
Vaccination is found to increase the general level of immunity in a society apart from protecting individuals as it minimizes spreading of infections. They may contain attenuated or inactivated forms of disease causing viruses or bacteria. What they essentially do is to start a response by the body's immune system given orally or injected. They stimulate the body to make antibodies to eliminate these viruses or bacteria. Antibodies are essentially proteins that exclusively identify and target the disease causing bacteria and viruses, and help to eradicate them from the body. It is highly recommended that the public is kept aware of the effectiveness of vaccination to prevent the attack of serious illness.
Given below is a list of diseases that your child can be safe from if given vaccination at the proper time:
Diptheria – This is a disease which infects the throat, and can lead to problems with breathing. It can even lead to paralysis and heart failure if in an advanced stage.
Tetanus (Lockjaw) – Tetanus is caused by the bacteria called clostridium tetani. They get into our bloodstream from the environment through open wounds. Toxins can cause lockjaw, muscle spasms, difficulty breathing and speaking, stiffness and pain in the shoulders, back and neck.
Whooping Cough – This is also a dangerous disease and its main complication is a shortage of oxygen to the brain which can eventually lead to brain damage and even death.
Polio – Polio is a dreaded disease which can cause meningitis and paralysis. It is symptoms are nausea, headache, tiredness, vomiting, , severe muscle pain and stiffness in neck and back area.
Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib) - This infection can cause meningitis epiglottitis which is a severe swelling of the throat, pneumonia and arthritis.
Hepatitis B – This is also a disease with a serious complication leading to liver damage and infections. If not treated properly, it can lead to even liver cancer and eventually death.
Apart from these some preventable childhood diseases are:
Now let’s see about the common possible side effects of vaccinations. These include redness, soreness, fever, mild rash, drowsiness, warmth and swelling at the injection site, irritability, muscle aches, loss of appetite, diarrhea and vomiting.
In case your child has any of the following conditions it should be reported to your Health Care Provider in advance :
National Immunization Program (NIP) Schedule has listed routine immunization program for childhood and is financially aided by Immunize Australia and USA Program.
Don’t forget that vaccination a very vital step in early childhood contributing to a reasonable reduction in many childhood illnesses. In case of some vaccines children or adults can be re-vaccinated if their immunity falls to a very low level. Also in some cases, as researches have shown, a booster dose might also be required for long-term protection from the concerned disease.
Baby Health And Care